Publication Ethics

The journal is concerned with adhering to the publishing ethics as defined by the Committee On Publication Ethics (COPE). They identified them with the title: Code of Conduct and Best-Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors, available on their website:, and has been adapted, and includes the most important responsibilities and ethics of the author, editor, and referee. Statement of conflicts of interest, interests, and various publishing ethics 

Publishing and authoring ethics: 

  • All submitted papers and articles are subjected to peer review by two reviewers and experts in the field of research or the essay submitted. Editors, frequently with the assistance of electronic databases of reviewers kept by their journal’s offices, choose reviewers whose expertise most closely matches the manuscript’s topic and invite them to review the paper. 

  • The objectives, problem and assumptions, verifiable results, relevance, originality, innovation, statistical accuracy, soundness of language, and depth of discussion are taken into consideration during the research review process.

  • The revision decisions include: the research is suitable for publication in its current form, the research is suitable for publication after taking into account the observations contained in the attached report without the need for re- revision, the research is valid for publication after taking the observations in the attached report with the need for re- revision again, the research is not suitable for publication in the journal.

  • In the event that there is an almost complete modification of the research, there is nothing to prevent it from being re-reviewed.

                       1- Rejected research and articles are not included, and their content will not be reviewed.
                       2- All research and articles submitted are subject to legal requirements regarding copyright and plagiarism.
                       3- The journal cannot publish the research twice in another way, or if it was published in another journal.   

Ethical Guidelines for  Authors: 

 Authors must: 

  • The authors acknowledge that the article or research presented is the product of their work exclusively, and they bear all legal consequences if otherwise indicated.

  • The authors acknowledge that the article or research submitted for publication has not been previously published in any other journal, nor it has been submitted or reviewed in another journal.

  • Authors should follow the reviewers' comments.

  • Authors are required to submit revisions and correct errors, if any.

  • All authors mentioned in the research or article presented have contributed significantly to the research. Their level of contribution must also be specified in the “Authors' contributions” section of the article or research.  

  • The authors acknowledge in writing that all data in the research or article are true and correct.

  • The authors inform the journal's editorial board of any conflict of interest.

  • Authors specify all sources or financial support used if their research or article is part of a funded project. 

  • Authors report any errors they discover in their published paper to the journal's editorial board.

  • Authors do not withdraw their articles or papers during the review process, or even after their submission. 

Ethical Guidelines for Reviewers: 

                  Reviewers must: 

  • Maintain the confidentiality of all information related to scientific research and articles and treat them as important information.

  • Conduct the review process with complete objectivity, not influenced, either positively or negatively, by any personal, financial, or other conflicting considerations or by intellectual biases. The reviewers must not contact the authors directly without the permission of the journal.

  •  Express their views clearly and explain them with evidence and evidence in the prepared form and to confirm this.

  • Notify of the editor to any substantial similarity or overlap between the research or article under consideration, and any other published paper with which they have personal knowledge.

  • The reviewers must submit an apology for the revision of articles or research in which they have a conflict of interest resulting from relationships, competitive, cooperative or other relationships with any of the authors, companies or institutions related to the articles or research.

  • Reviewers who realize that their expertise on the subject of the manuscript is limited have a responsibility to make their degree of competence clear to the editor. 

Ethical Guidelines for  Editors: 

The journal's editorial board must: 

  • It has full authority to reject or accept any research or article.

  • It is responsible for the overall quality of the articles and research published.

  • It ensures  that the quality of.
  • Adopt their decisions on the basis of the relevance, originality, clarity and importance of research and articles to the journal's scope, objectives and interdisciplinary areas.   

  • In the event of a change of the editorial board, it does not change the decisions of the previous body for research that were approved for publication.

  • Maintain the confidentiality of review process.

  • Ensure that all research materials they publish conform to accepted international ethical guidelines.

  • Articles and research are accepted that are consistent with the scope and objectives of the journal and environmental disciplines.  

  • Take appropriate decisions if they are confirmed of misconduct, by publishing the research, article, or letter to another journal, and making all appropriate attempts to solve the problem.

  • Take into account not to allow any conflict of interest between the authors, the reviewers and the journal's editorial board..

  • The journal editorial board must not change their decisions after submitting the decision (especially after rejection or acceptance). 

Publication ethics issues:

  • All editorial members, reviewers, and authors are required to confirm and comply with the rules established by COPE.

  • The correspondent author is the primary owner of the article or research and can withdraw it before sending it to reviewers.

  • Authors cannot make changes to the essay after the acceptance decision. 

  • All editors and authors must publish any type of correction faithfully and completely.

  • Any notes about plagiarism, fraudulent data, or any other type of fraud should be reported. 

:Conflict of interest 

Authors must acknowledge and declare any funding sources for their research or articles, or any potential conflicting interests.